Human Rights Instruments

International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination

  • Adopted and opened for signature and ratification by General Assembly resolution 2106 (XX) of 21 December 1965
    entry into force 4 January 1969, in accordance with Article 19

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International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

  • Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI) of 16 December 1966
    entry into force 23 March 1976, in accordance with Article 49

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Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

  • Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 39/46 of 10 December 1984 entry into force 26 June 1987, in accordance with article 27 (1)

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International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

  • Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI) of 16 December 1966
    entry into force 3 January 1976, in accordance with article 27

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Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

  • Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 34/180 of 18 December 1979 entry into force 3 September 1981, in accordance with article 27(1)

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Convention on the Rights of the Child

  • Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989

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International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families

  • Adopted by General Assembly resolution 45/158 of 18 December 1990

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Publications


The goal of publications programme is to increase knowledge and raise awareness about human rights and fundamental freedoms, and to publicize ways of promoting and protecting them worldwide. Publications also aim to encourage debate on human rights issues under discussion…


84546сGuiding Principles on Extreme Poverty and Human Rights

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875сRecommended Principles and Guidelines on Human Rights and Human Trafficking: Commentary

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877cAwDeclaration on the Rights of Persons belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities

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878cAwGuiding Principles on Business and Human Rights: Implementing the United Nations “Protect, Respect and Remedy” Framework

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Principles Responsible ContractsPrinciples for Responsible Contracts: Integrating the Management of Human Rights Risks into State-investor Contract Negotiations – Guidance for Negotiators

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871cAwDeclaration on the Right to Development

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The Core International Human Rights Instruments and their monitoring bodies

There are 9 core international human rights instruments. Each of these  instruments has established a committee of experts to monitor implementation of the treaty provisions by its States parties. Some of the treaties are supplemented by optional protocols dealing with specific concerns whereas the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture establishes a committee of experts.

Date
Monitoring Body
ICERD International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
21 Dec 1965
ICCPR International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
16 Dec 1966
ICESCR International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
16 Dec 1966
CEDAW Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
18 Dec 1979
CAT Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
10 Dec 1984
CRC Convention on the Rights of the Child
20 Nov 1989
ICMW International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
18 Dec 1990
CPED International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance
20 Dec 2006
CRPD Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
13 Dec 2006
ICESCR – OP Optional Protocol to the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
10 Dec 2008
ICCPR-OP1 Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
16 Dec 1966
ICCPR-OP2 Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at the abolition of the death penalty
15 Dec 1989
OP-CEDAW Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women
10 Dec 1999
OP-CRC-AC Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict
25 May 2000
OP-CRC-SC Optional protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography
25 May 2000
OP-CRC-IC Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure

14 Apr 2014

OP-CAT Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
18 Dec 2002
OP-CRPD Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
12 Dec 2006

UNIVERSAL HUMAN RIGHTS INSTRUMENTS

In addition to the International Bill of Rights and the core human rights treaties, there are many other universal instruments relating to human rights.

WORLD CONFERENCE ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND MILLENNIUM ASSEMBLY

THE RIGHT OF SELF-DETERMINATION

RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES AND MINORITIES

PREVENTION OF DISCRIMINATION

RIGHTS OF WOMEN

RIGHTS OF THE CHILD

RIGHTS OF OLDER PERSONS

RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES

HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE: PROTECTION OF PERSONS SUBJECTED TO DETENTION OR IMPRISONMENT

SOCIAL WELFARE, PROGRESS AND DEVELOPMENT

PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

MARRIAGE

RIGHT TO HEALTH

RIGHT TO WORK AND TO FAIR CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT

FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION

SLAVERY, SLAVERY-LIKE PRACTICES AND FORCED LABOUR

RIGHTS OF MIGRANTS

NATIONALITY, STATELESSNESS, ASYLUM AND REFUGEES

WAR CRIMES AND CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY, INCLUDING GENOCIDE

HUMANITARIAN LAW

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